Tubal Ligation

Tubal Ligation refers to a surgical process in which the fallopian tubes of a woman are blocked, tied, or cut. Tubal implants or small metal springs are positioned in each fallopian tube using a non-surgical procedure. In course of time, scar tissue tends to develop around each implant, resulting in permanent blockage of the fallopian tubes. This prevents the eggs from traveling from the ovaries into the fallopian tubes. Hence, fertilization of the egg and the sperm does not take place. Tubal ligation is regarded as a permanent birth control method for women.

An open tubal ligation or Laparotomy is performed through a larger incision made in the abdomen. This procedure may be recommended if you require abdominal surgery due to other conditions such as a cesarean section, Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), Endometriosis, or previous Abdominal or Pelvic surgery. These conditions are generally the result of scarring or adhesion of tissue and organs in the abdomen.

How effective is tubal ligation

Although Tubal ligation is regarded a permanent form of birth control, a major surgery known as ‘Reverse Tubal Litigation‘ can sometimes restore your ability to become pregnant. However, a hysteroscopic tubal occlusion procedure is extremely difficult to reverse.

Complications of tubal ligation

  • Bleeding
  • Damage to other organs such as bowel or urinary systems
  • Infection
  • Allergic reactions to certain medicines
  • Breathing problems or pneumonia
  • Heart disorders

Risk of tubal ligation 

  • Incomplete closure of the fallopian tubes, which could make pregnancy possible
  • Enhanced risk of a Tubal pregnancy or Ectopicpregnancy
  • Injury to the surrounding organs or tissues caused by surgical instruments

Recovery after tubal ligation surgery

You will experience some tenderness and pain. The doctor might administer certain pain medications.