The pregnant woman is not more susceptible to infection, but it affects pregnancy due to its difficulty to treat. HIV/AIDS kills or damages cells of the body’s immune system, slowly ruining the body’s ability to fight infections and certain cancers. HIV can be spread to their babies during pregnancy period, while giving birth, and through breastfeeding. Mother-to-baby transmission of HIV can be effectively prevented using effective ways.
Vaginal yeast infections, pelvic inflammatory disease, Human papillomavirus (HPV) infections which cause genital warts may be frequent and severe in women with HIV infection may occur more frequently in HIV-infected women. Being HIV-positive puts you at a high risk pregnancy for complications during pregnancy such as preterm birth(Premature birth), intrauterine growth restriction, and intrauterine death (stillbirth). The risk of pregnancy complications is higher for women whose immune systems are compromised. Cigarette smoking during pregnancy may also increase the risk of transmission and problems during pregnancy. Staying healthy during pregnancy can reduce the pregnancy problems and the risk of transmitting the virus to her baby. If women are tested early for HIV during pregnancy, therapy can be given to improve their healthy pregnancy and reduce the risk of transmitting HIV to the baby.
Anti-HIV drugs are prescribed for HIV positive women to reduce the chances of perinatal HIV infection. A caesarean section before the mother’s uterine membranes rupture naturally, reduces complication of pregnancy which leads to transmission of HIV to the baby. Avoidance of breastfeeding by an HIV-infected mother can also reduce perinatal transmission. Diet during pregnancy will be different in case of HIV infected women. Additional nutritional considerations are warranted when an HIV-positive woman becomes pregnant. Multiple micronutrient deficiencies develop early in the course of HIV infection and which demands increased micronutrient needs among HIV-infected individuals..