Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
Gestational diabetes, also known as gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) during pregnancy period is a type of diabetes that develops during pregnancy. Women with gestational diabetes during pregnancy may have healthy pregnancies and babies if they follow the treatment plan from their doctor. Usually the diabetes settle after delivery; however women with gestational diabetes are at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
The hormone secreting organ, pancreas secretes insulin which helps in maintaining the blood sugar level in blood. Gestational diabetes causes may be either there is not enough insulin in the body, or your cells can not use the insulin due to inefficient insulin receptors. The glucose builds up in the blood, causing diabetes, or high blood sugar.
Symptoms of gestational diabetes
Gestational diabetes usually has no clear symptoms. If symptoms do occur, can include: excessive urination, Unusual thirst, tiredness and thrush (fungus)infections. Gestational diabetes test is most commonly done between 24-28 weeks pregnant if the woman has average risk of pregnancy.
Health care providers will test most women who have average risk for gestational diabetes when they are between 24-28 weeks pregnant. If your risk is greater-than- average, your doctor may test you earlier, maybe as soon as you know you are pregnant.
Gestational diabetes complications
Most women who have gestational diabetes give birth to healthy babies, when their blood sugar levels are properly controlled, eat a healthy diet, exercise, and keep a healthy weight. But in some cases condition like macrosomia may be seen in babies. The baby’s body is larger than normal in this condition and need caesarean section for delivery. Hypoglycaemia may also develop in babies. The baby may also need to get glucose through a tube into his or her blood. Other conditions like jaundice, respiratory distress syndrome, muscle twitching or cramping due to low mineral levels may also develop in babies. Children whose mothers had gestational diabetes are at higher risk for abnormal glucose tolerance, over weight, and diabetes.
Controlling blood sugar level is the first step to gestational diabetes management. Eating a healthy diet with low carbohydrates is important to control the blood sugar and healthy weight. A regular, moderate physical activity can help control blood sugar levels. It is very important to keep daily records of the diet, physical activity, and glucose level. This can help track how well the treatment is working properly and what, if anything needs to be changed.
Gestational diabetes diet
Good nutrition is especially important during pregnancy if you’ve signs of gestational diabetes. A registered dietitian can recommend a specific gestational diabetes meal plan based on your height, weight, physical activity, and the needs of your developing baby, as well as the level of glucose intolerance .
What is the treatment for gestational diabetes
A specific plan will be designed for each woman, but there are some general ways to stay healthy with gestational diabetes.