Endometriosis is a painful disorder in which the tissue inside the uterus grows outside of it. Usually, this tissue filles inside the uterus/endometrium. It may affect the ovaries, bowel or the lining tissue if the pelvis. In rare cases, it spreads beyond the pelvic region. Apart from severe pain, endometriosis may also cause fertility problems.

Symptoms for Endometriosis

Pelvic pain is the primary symptom of endometriosis. It is often associated with the menstrual

period. Common symptoms of endometriosis are:

stages of endometriosis

  • Pain during sexual intercourse

  • Infertility

  • Excessive bleeding

  • Fatigue

  • Constipation

  • Diarrhea

  • Nausea

Causes for Endometriosis

The exact cause for endometriosis is not yet finalised. Some of the commonly pointed issues include:

  • Embryonic cell growth

  • Retrograde menstruation

  • Endometrial cells transport

  • Immune system disorder

  • Surgical scar implantation

Infertility and ovarian cancer are the most threatening after effects of this condition. The treatment is finalised according to the severity of the condition. Usually in most cases, doctors choose conservative treatment approaches in the primary stages. Surgery will be a last resort. Pain medication are given in order to reduce the pain caused by the condition. If pain relievers cannot reduce the pain, the doctor may suggest other approaches such as hormone therapy. However, hormone therapies cannot be a permanent cure for endometriosis. Hormonal contraceptives and other drugs are used for hormone therapies.

If the patient wishes to get pregnant, the doctor may opt for surgeries to remove the endometriosis. Hysterectomy is one of the final stage solution for endometriosis. Hysterectomy is meant to remove the cervix, uterus and both the ovaries.