Bacterial infection in the bladder is called bladder infection. It is also known as cystitis, urinary tract infection or UTI. Urinary tract infection can affect any part of the urinary tract like the ureters, bladder or kidneys. Germs or bacteria are considered to be the main cause for bladder infection. Bacteria enter through the urethra and travel into the bladder. Normally, these bacteria will be cleared out during urination. Sometimes, the bacteria may stick to the bladder walls and builds up quickly. The body may not be able to destroy these bacteria and leads to bladder infection.
Bladder infection may show one or more symptoms in a patient:
Pain while urinating
Bloody or cloudy urine
Pressure or cramping in the lower back or lower abdomen
Frequent urge to urinate
Uninalysis is the diagnostic method for bladder infection. It is a test, which is performed by analysing the sample urine of the patient. The test will help the doctor to identify the bacteria, which caused the infection. Based on that, the treatment will be determined.
Bladder infections treatment
Medication is the primary stage of treatment for bladder infection. Certain home treatments may also help in reducing the symptoms. Usually, oral antibiotics are prescribed for bladder infection in order to kill the bacteria. Other medications will also be prescribed to relieve the symptoms such as pain and burning sensation. Home treatments mainly include drinking enough water. It will help to wash the bacteria out of the bladder. Most cases can be prevented with home remedies to an extent.